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Kolkata , or Calcutta, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest port as well as its sole major river line port.

In the late 17th century, the three villages that predated Kolkata were ruled by the Nawab of Bengal under Mughal suzerainty. After the Nawab granted the East India Company a trading license in 1690, the area was developed by the Company into an increasingly fortified mercantile base. Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah occupied Kolkata in 1756, and the East India Company retook it in the following year and by 1772 assumed full sovereignty. Under East India Company and later under the British Raj, Kolkata served as the capital of India until 1911.
The city was a centre of the Indian independence movement; it remains a hotbed of contemporary state politics.

Kolkata has established local traditions in drama, art, film, theatre, and literature that have gained wide audiences. Many people from Kolkata-among them several Nobel laureates-have contributed to the arts, the sciences, and other areas, while Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods (paras) and freestyle intellectual exchanges (adda). West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which also hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum, and the National Library of India.

Kolkata is the main commercial and financial hub of East and North-East India and home to the Calcutta Stock Exchange. It is a major commercial and military port, and is the only city in eastern India to have an international airport.

Latitude 22.567� N
Longitude 88.367� E

Must See

Fort William�
Victoria Memorial�
Eden Gardens (Stadium)�
Birla Planetarium�
Howrah Bridge�
Marble Palace�
Writer's Building�
Nicco Park�
Saheed Minar�
National Library�
Belur Math�
Botanical Gardens
Tollygunge Club
Royal Calcutta Golf Club
Belur Math & Temple, Howrah
Gurusaday Museum
Hooghly Bridge (Vidyasagar Setu), Howrah
Dam Dim Tea Estate�
Mother Teresa Nirmal Hriday
Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary popular�
Jorasanko Thakur Bari popular�
Birla Temple
Town Hall
Nicco Park
Eden Gardens

Popular Food

Mishti Doi
Chanar Payesh
Patali gur Confectionery
Cholaar Dal
Kochuri and alurdom�

Things to Buy

Junk Jewelries
Fashion Accessories
Dry Fruits
Cotton wares
Conche shells
Shell Bangles
Iron Bangles

How To reach

By Road: Buses, which are the most commonly used mode of transport, are run by government agencies and private operators. Kolkata is the only Indian city with a tram network, which is operated by the Calcutta Tramways Company. Agencies operating long-distance bus services include Calcutta State Transport Corporation, South Bengal State Transport Corporation, North Bengal State Transport Corporation, and various private operators. The city's main bus terminals are located at Esplanade, Karunamoyee, and Babughat. The Kolkata-Delhi and Kolkata-Chennai prongs of the Golden Quadrilateral, and National Highway 34 start from the city.

By Train: The suburban rail network reaches the city's distant suburbs. The Kolkata Metro, in operation since 1984, is the oldest underground mass transit system in India. Kolkata has three long-distance railway stations, located at Howrah, Sealdah, and Chitpur, which connect Kolkata by rail to most cities in West Bengal and to other major cities in India. The city serves as the headquarters of two Indian Railways regional divisions-the Eastern Railway and the South-Eastern Railway.

By Air: Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, located in Dum Dum about 16 km north-east of the city centre, operates domestic and international flights.

By Sea/Water: The Port of Kolkata, established in 1870, is India's oldest; it is the nation's only major river port. The Kolkata Port Trust manages docks in Kolkata and Haldia. The port hosts passenger services to Port Blair, capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands; freighter service to ports throughout India and around the world is operated by the Shipping Corporation of India. Ferry services connect Kolkata with its twin city of Howrah, located across the Hooghly River.